F Pengertian dan contoh Active and Passive ~ Guru manja

Pengertian dan contoh Active and Passive




Active and Passive
**Active voice is a feature of sentences in which the subject performs the action of the verb and the direct object is the goal or the recipient.
**Passive voice is a feature of sentences in which the object or goal of the action functions as the sentence subject and the main verb phrase includes the verb to be and the past participle

**The rules of AV and PV
-It used to in verbal sentence
-The sentences have to have verb (transitive object)
-“Object” active sentence become  “subject” of passive sentence
-Subject or active sentence into passive sentence that should follow the word “by”
-Passive sentence have to used Verb III (past participle)
-Every passive used to “to be”

**Passive Form
Simple present = am/is/are+pp
Simple past = was/were+pp
Simple Future = will be +pp
Continuous = To be + being + pp
     Active = S + Verb + Object (transitive object)
     Passive  = Object + to be + Verb III + Subject

**Examples
Active  
  -she makes a cake
  -my mother sang a song
  -they will bring a dictionary
  -we are eating the fried rice and fried chicken
 Passive
  -A cake is made by her
  -A song was sung by my mother
  -A dictionary will be brought by them
  -The fried rice and fried chicken are being eaten by us

**Write the following verb into AV and PV
-See = melihat
-Climb  =  memanjat
-Buy = membeli
-Take = mengambil
-Write = menulis
--Watched = menonton
-taught = mengajar
-brought = dibawa
-Cut = memotong
-Played = bermain










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